( - ) [2(14).2.1825, , , - 20.8(2.9).1902, ], - . 1841-55 , 1855 , . 1871-76 - . . . . . . . - "" - " " 1860. , , , , . " ..." (1880, ), " " (1896, ), " " (1900, . . ). , "- " (1875). . .

.: , , 1956.

.: . 1825-1945. ( , 120- ), ., 1948; ., , ., 1955.

? . . .

: