( - -, -) (192, , , - 232), . . , . . . . , , , " ". . . , . , . " " (. ) . . . . . . " ", . . . , . . . - , ( ), , , , , .

.: Ts'ao Chih, Worlds of dust and jade, N. Y., 1969; . . - . , ., 1962.

.: . ., , ., 1963; , : , .: - , ., 1967; Dunn ., Ts'ao Chih. The life of a princely Chinese poet, N. Y., 1970.

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