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-, -, , , - , . 3 . . (1970, ). (2,7 . .) . .-. ( ). .-. - 5 , . , , . : - - .

.: Lukas J., A study of the Kanuri language. Grammar and vocabulary, L., 1937; , Die Sprache der Tubu in der Zentralen Sahara, B., 1953; Tucker A. N., Bryan M. A., The non-bantu languages of North-Eastern Africa, L., 1956; Greenberg J. H., The languages of Africa, "International Journal of American Linguistics", 1963, v. 29, 1.

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