[6(18).12.1819, , - 18(30).10.1898, , ], . . (1844). - "" (1844). 1846-51 , . ""(1849) . . 1851 , " " (1859-1860). , (1860-96).

, 60- . 19 ., . . , . , , ( " - , - "), . ("", " , , ", "" .); 1878 . (""). , ( " ", 1890). . - "-" (1859). . . - , (" ", " "). . (", "), (" "). . . . , . . , . . , . . , . . . " " (" ") .

.: . [. ., . . . . ], .. 1954.

.: . ., . . , , 1961; XIX . . , . - ., 1962.
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: